Paper instructions:i
Adventures in Babysitting: Writing Prompt 1
Assignment Directions for Chapters 1, 2 and 4
The time has finally come when you have to repay your friend of ten years for helping you move. You
remember quite some time ago about promising to pay her back and now she has come to collect. You have
been asked to babysit for “The Twins.”
You have been asked to watch your friend’s children for four hours while she goes to the dentist and has
a root canal. She is a very good friend of yours and you have known her since you two were very young. You
promise to take care of the children at her home while she is gone. Max and Mia are six years old and still
require a good amount of adult supervision. You have known the children since they were babies but have
never watched them before. While the twins are fraternal, they look very much alike but Mia is slightly taller
than Max and seems to enjoy bossing him around. Mia is very talkative and is clearly an extrovert. Max,
however, is quite shy and tends to be more of an introvert, letting his sister do most of the talking.
You find yourself playing with the two children down in the basement where they have a small play
kitchen. The basement also has a large seating area with a couch, TV, and some nice home furnishings. The
children are pretending to fix you a meal while the family dog snores loudly in the background near the couch.
The family cat continues to run off with some of the stuffed pretend food items and all of you laugh at the cat
while she runs off with another piece of food, nearly missing the sleeping dog in her path. Max and Mia seem
to be getting along well, contrary to what their mother had warned you about. Max and Mia are notorious for
fighting, especially over toys, with each other and getting into all kinds of trouble. Mia prefers to have
everything in a particular place while Max enjoys making a mess.
You are about an hour into the day when the twins ask you to make them some lunch. Their mother had
put out the ingredients to make peanut butter and jelly sandwiches for the kids. Since the children have been
playing so well you decide to let them continue to play in the basement with their play kitchen while you run
upstairs and make them a sandwich.
You just finish the second sandwich when you hear several thumping noises, barking, and then a loud
crash. You leave the sandwiches behind and run to the basement. There you find Mia crying hysterically and
Max hiding behind a chair. The animals are nowhere to be found. You look around to see a large vase near the
couch has smashed to the floor next to the two children and pieces of play food and a plastic bowl are lying all
over the floor. You ask what happened and receive two very different stories.
Mia: She was making spaghetti for you when Max came over and took her bowl because he wanted to make
soup instead. She tried to grab it out of his hands and they began to fight over it. Max grabbed the bowl and
ran into the vase as he tried to get away from Mia. Mia is talking very fast but looking you right in the eyes
while she cries.
Max: Mia was not playing with the bowl at all. When Max went to play with it, Mia picked it up and threw it,
hitting the vase and breaking it. Max avoids eye contact with you the entire time and does not show much
emotion.
There are still three hours left of your babysitting duties and you will need to explain to your friend what
happened when she comes home. You also need to decide what you are going to do next. Using the three
stages of the perception process, identify the process you followed to determine which of the stories are true or
whether something else happened entirely. Be certain you describe each step clearly and thoroughly. You can
do this by first explaining the step in the perception process, then explaining how you completed that step while
determining the validity of the stories.
1. Name and define the first stage and identify the information you attended to, or selected, and identify
which of the three characteristics of selection you used to focus on the information you chose. In doing so, explain both the characteristic of selection as well

as how this phenomenon helped you to complete
the first step in the perception process.
Unmet (0 %) Needs Improvement (50-69%) Fair (70-79%) Good (80-89%) Excellent (100%)
The student has not addressed the selection stage.
The student provides an explanation of the event(s) but does not explore how he or she selected certain information to attend to. The student may identify selection as a stage or one of the characteristics of selection but does not explain in any clear way how he or she completed this stage of perception.
The student addresses selection, describes the selection stage of the process and identifies at least one
stimuli they attended to. However, the characteristics of selection are not explained or applied to the answer OR A
characteristic of selection is addressed but the overall answer lacks evidence.
The student clearly explains all of the stimuli that they selected and explains in a clear
way how at least one
characteristic of selection
aided in their attending to
particular stimuli. Some
evidence is addressed in the
answer.
The student clearly identifies
and explains all of the stimuli
that they attended to, AND the
student explains how at least
one of the characteristics of
selection which aided them in
attending to the stimuli, AND
the explanation of the
completion of the stage and
the role of the characteristics
of selection in the process is
clear and articulate AND the
student provided excellent
evidence to skillfully support
his or her explanation.

Points Earned:__________/ 6.75 Possible Points
2. Name and define the second stage, explain how you completed the second stage, and explain which
construct(s) you used in accomplishing this stage of the perception process. In doing so, define the
construct(s) and clearly explain how you used the construct(s) in organizing the information you
selected. In this part of the paper, explain how stage one helped you to complete stage two.
Unmet (0 %) Needs Improvement (50-69%) Fair (70-79%) Good (80-89%) Excellent (100%)
The student has not addressed
the organization stage.
The student addresses how he
or she organized the stimuli
BUT does not clearly address
the organization stage of
perception OR the explanation
is incomplete AND/OR the
student does not identify any
of the organizational
constructs (role, physical,
psychological, or interaction).
The student addresses how he
or she organized the
information that was selected,
addresses the organization
stage AND explains how he or
she used one of the
organizational constructs (role,
physical, psychological, or
interaction), though the
explanation may not be
complete.
The student clearly explained
how he or she organized the
information that was selected
in stage one AND explained
how he or she used at least one
of the organizational
constructs (role, physical,
psychological, or interaction)
AND explained how the
construct(s) was(were) used in
the process of organization.
Some evidence is addressed in
the answer.
The student clearly and
articulately explained how he
or she organized the
information that was selected
in stage one and used the
organization stage of
perception AND explained
how he or she used at least one
of the organizational
constructs (role, physical,
psychological, or interaction)
AND explained how the
construct(s) was (were) used
in the process of organization
AND the student provided
excellent evidence to skillfully
support his or her explanation.

Points Earned:__________/ 9 Possible Points
3. Name and define the third stage, explain how you completed this stage, and explain which of the three
factors of experience, knowledge and closeness influenced your conclusion in this stage and why you
think they influenced your evaluation of the two very different stories you heard. Based on your
evaluations discuss what you plan to do so. In doing so, define the factor(s) you used and explain how
they applied to your perception of the two different stories. In this part of the paper, explain how
completing stages one and two helped you to complete stage three based on the decision to which you
perceive to be true.
Unmet (0 %) Needs Improvement (50-69%) Fair (70-79%) Good (80-89%) Excellent (100%)
The student has not addressed
the interpretation stage.
The student explains his or her
interpretation of the
event(s)and identifies his or
her opinion about and
response to the situation BUT
does not address how this
stage related to the
The student explains his or her
interpretation of the event(s)
and identifies his or her
opinion and response to the
situation AND addresses, in
some way, how this stage
related to the information that
The student clearly explains
how he or she used the
information that was selected
and how that information was
organized to arrive at their
interpretation of the event(s)
and to construct an opinion
The student clearly and
articulately explains how he or
she used the information that
was selected and how that
information was organized to
arrive at their interpretation
event(s) and to construct an information that they selected
or the way they organized it
AND/OR does not address any
of the factors (experience,
knowledge or closeness) that
influenced his or her
interpretation AND/OR did
not clearly explain how this
stage was completed.
they selected or the way they
organized it AND addresses
one of the factors (experience,
knowledge or closeness) that
influenced his or her
interpretation, though the
explanation may be a bit
lacking.
about and response to the
situation AND explains how at
least one factor (experience,
knowledge or closeness) aided
in his or her completion of
stage three AND the student
provides a clear explanation of
how all of these stages and
factors accumulated to form
an interpretation of the events
and situation.
opinion on and response to the
situation AND explains how at
least one factor of
interpretation (experience,
knowledge or closeness)
affected their interpretation
AND the student provides an
articulate, detailed and
comprehensive explanation of
how all of these stages and
factors accumulated to form
an interpretation of the events
and situation AND the student
provided excellent evidence to
skillfully support his or her
explanation.

Points Earned:__________/ 11.25 Possible Points
? Your paper should be typed, approximately 3-4 pages long, and double spaced.
? The paper should also be proofread, and mistakes in grammar, spelling, sentence structure, formatting and
other areas of paper mechanics should be kept to a minimum.
? Include a complete introduction to the paper that includes a thesis statement introducing the main ideas of
the paper. Organize the body of the paper into main ides that fit with your thesis statement. Include a
conclusion to the paper that reviews and summarizes the paper.
? Include proper in-text citations in either APA or MLA format; be certain that you include the textbook
definitions of the concepts you use and that you cite these definitions correctly. A works cited or reference
page should be included at the end of your paper.
Overall Outcomes:
Name and Define each stage and at least one characteristic, construct and factor for each stage.
Unmet (0 %) Needs Improvement (50-69%) Fair (70-79%) Good (80-89%) Excellent (100%)
None of the concepts
associated with perception are
named or defined.
The three stages are named but
not defined and the
characteristics, constructs and
factors are listed but not
addressed OR the three stages
are named and briefly
explained BUT none of the
characteristics, constructs or
factors are addressed.
The three stages of perception
(selection, organization and
interpretation) are correctly
named and the textbook
definitions of each stage are
provided AND at least one
characteristic of selection,
organizational construct and
factor of interpretation is
addressed.
The three stages of perception
(selection, organization and
interpretation) are correctly
named and the textbook
definitions of each stage are
provided AND at least one
characteristic of selection,
organizational construct and
factor of interpretation is
named and the textbook
definitions of each one are
provided AND all of these
concepts are clearly explained.
The three stages of perception
(selection, organization and
interpretation) are correctly
named and the textbook
definitions of each stage are
provided as well as further,
complete explanation of each
stage AND at least one of
each: characteristics of
selection, organizational
constructs and factors of
interpretation is named and the
textbook definitions of each
one are provided as well as
complete explanation as to
how each one fits its stage.

Points Earned:__________/ 6.75 Possible Points
Explain the whole perception process and how all of the stages work together.
Unmet (0 %) Needs Improvement (50-69%) Fair (70-79%) Good (80-89%) Excellent (100%)
The student does not address
the ways that the stages work
together to create a process of
perception.
The student seems to
understand that all of the
stages work together in some
way but does not clearly
articulate how all the stages
worked together in perceiving
the situation.
The student is able to identify
the nature of the stages as they
work together as a process and
create a perception.
The student clearly explains
the interrelated nature of all of
the stages and
comprehensively explains how
each stage was related to the
others in the process of
creating a perception of the
situation.
The student clearly and
articulately explains the
interrelated nature of all of the
stages and comprehensively
explains how each stage was
related to the others in the
process of creating a
perception of the situation
AND the student provided
excellent evidence to skillfully
support his or her explanation.
Points Earned:__________/ 2.25 Possible Points
Use effective proofreading and organize the paper using essay structure.
Unmet (0 %) Needs Improvement (50-69%) Fair (70-79%) Good (80-89%) Excellent (100%)
There are nine or more
mistakes in proofreading,
grammar, spelling, formatting
or other paper mechanics. The
paper does not follow a
recognizable organizational
structure, such as an
introduction and conclusion.
There are seven or more
mistakes in proofreading,
grammar, spelling, formatting
or other paper mechanics. The
paper is organized in a
recognizable way but does not
include an identifiable
introduction and conclusion.
There are five or more
mistakes in proofreading,
grammar, spelling, formatting
or other paper mechanics. The
paper is organized and
includes an identifiable
introduction AND/OR
conclusion.
There are three or more
mistakes in proofreading,
grammar, spelling, formatting
or other paper mechanics. The
paper is organized and
includes an identifiable
introduction AND a
conclusion.
Mistakes in proofreading,
grammar, spelling, formatting
or other paper mechanics are
limited to two or fewer. The
paper is organized in a clear
way and includes a complete
introduction as well as a
complete conclusion.

Points Earned:__________/ 4.5 Possible Points
Be sure to cite the source of the information, whether it is a quote or paraphrase.
Unmet (0 %) Needs Improvement (50-69%) Fair (70-79%) Good (80-89%) Excellent (100%)
The paper includes no citation
of any sort.
There is some attempt at
citation, BUT: the citation is
not in a recognizable format,
such as MLA or APA; OR a
significant number of concepts
are not cited; OR there is no
in-text citation; OR
paraphrases are not cited.
Some attempt at citation is
included for most concepts
used in the paper that are
originally explained in a
printed source AND Most of
these ideas are cited, whether
they are paraphrased or
directly quoted AND The
citation is in a recognizable
style and the style is used
correctly in most cases AND
In-Text citation is used but a
Works Cited is not included.
In-text citation is included for
most concepts used in the
paper that are originally
explained in a printed source
AND all of these ideas are
cited, whether they are
paraphrased or directly quoted
AND the citation is in MLA or
APA style and the style is
used consistently AND a
Works Cited is included at the
end of the paper.
In-text citation is included for
all concepts used in the paper
that are originally explained in
a printed source AND all of
these ideas are cited using
correct in-text citation,
whether they are paraphrased
or directly quoted AND the
citation is in MLA or APA
style and the style is used
consistently AND a Works
Cited is included at the end of
the paper and the Works Cited
is free of errors.

Points Earned:__________/ 4.5 Possible Points

Must use both quote and paraphrases. I will upload this in a file.

Class book is: Interpersonal Communications, second edition, chapter 4
Author is Kory Floyd

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