Asthma And Stepwise Management Essay Assignment Paper

Asthma And Stepwise Management Essay Assignment Paper
Asthma is a chronic inflammatory respiratory disease of the airways characterized by airway obstruction, inflammation and hyperresponsiveness (Arcangelo and Peterson, 2013).  The principal objective to treating asthma is to control the disease.  Asthma control focuses on preventing problematic symptoms such as shortness of breath, wheezing, extreme coughing and/or frequent respiratory infections.  In order to treat and control asthma, the advance practice nurses must be able to recognize and distinguish life-threatening symptoms and understand the stepwise management approach for treatment.  There are two treatment choices that are utilized to treat asthma, long-term control and quick relief treatment.  Asthma And Stepwise Management Essay Assignment Paper. The purpose of this paper is to describe the long-term control and quick relief treatment and explain the stepwise approach to asthma treatment and management.  Finally, the paper will also explain how stepwise management assist health care providers and patients in gaining and maintaining control of the disease.
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Long-Term Control and Quick Relief Treatment
Long-Term Control
The goal of long-term control asthma pharmacotherapy is to prevent symptom flair ups and control asthma.  According to Arcangelo and Peterson (2013), long-term control medications must be taken every day to achieve and maintain control in persistent cases.  Long-term asthma medication is the most effective medication when preventing asthma attacks and controlling chronic symptoms.  According to Drugs.com (2012), long-term medication includes inhaled corticosteroids, long-acting beta-agonists (LABAs), leukotriene modifiers, theophylline, and combination inhalers containing both LABAs and corticosteroids.  One of the most important and effective long-term control medication is inhaled corticosteroid.  This long-term medication is considered to be the most effective anti-inflammatory medication because it prevents the passage and stimulation of inflammatory cells.  In return it prevents airway hyperresponsiveness, improves symptoms, and the function of the respiratory system.  According to Arcangelo and Peterson (2013), the impact of inhaled corticosteroids includes oral fungus known as “thrush”, coughing, hoarseness, osteoporosis and easy bruising.  In children one of the most crucial side effect is delayed or suppressed growth.  It is important for advance practice nurses and physicians to monitor the effects of the medication and educate patients on the possible side effects Asthma And Stepwise Management Essay Assignment Paper.
Quick-Relief Treatment
Quick relief medications also known as “rescue medications” are used to…
 
To Prepare

Reflect on drugs used to treat asthmatic patients, including  long-term control and quick relief treatment options for patients. Think  about the impact these drugs might have on patients, including adults  and children.
Consider how you might apply the stepwise approach to address the health needs of a patient in your practice.
Reflect on how stepwise management assists health care providers and patients in gaining and maintaining control of the disease

Create a  5- to 6-slide PowerPoint presentation that can be used in a staff  development meeting on presenting different approaches for implementing  the stepwise approach for asthma treatment. Be sure to address the  following:

Describe  long-term control and quick-relief treatment options for the asthma  patient from your practice as well as the impact these drugs might have  on your patient.
Explain the Stepwise Approach to asthma treatment and management for your patient.
Explain  how stepwise management assists health care providers and patients in  gaining and maintaining control of the disease. Be specific.
Please review the rubric for this assignment..

 

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Excellent   Good   Fair   Poor       Describe the long-term control and quick relief treatment options for  the asthma patient from your practice, as well as the impact these drugs might have on your patient.          Points Range:     27 (27%) – 30 (30%)   The presentation clearly and  accurately describes in detail the long-term control and quick relief  treatment options for the asthma patient from their practice.
The presentation clearly and accurately describes in detail the impact these drugs might have on their patient.        Points Range:     24 (24%) – 26 (26%)   The presentation accurately describes the long-term control and quick relief options for the asthma patient from their practice.
The presentation accurately describes the impact these drugs might have on their patient.        Points Range:     21 (21%) – 23 (23%)   The presentation inaccurately or  vaguely describes the long-term control and quick relief options for the  asthma patient from their practice.
The presentation inaccurately or vaguely describes the impact these drugs might have on their patient.        Points Range:     0 (0%) – 20 (20%)   The presentation inaccurately and  vaguely describes the long-term and quick relief options for the asthma  patient from their practice, or is missing.
The presentation inaccurately and vaguely describes the impact these drugs might have on their patient, or is missing.     Explain the stepwise approach to asthma treatment and management for your patient.          Points Range:     27 (27%) – 30 (30%)   The presentation clearly and  accurately explains in detail the stepwise approach to asthma treatment  and management for their patient.        Points Range:     24 (24%) – 26 (26%)   The presentation accurately explains the stepwise approach to asthma treatment and management for their patient.        Points Range:     21 (21%) – 23 (23%)   The presentation inaccurately or vaguely explains the stepwise approach to asthma treatment and management for their patient.        Points Range:     0 (0%) – 20 (20%)   The presentation inaccurately and vaguely explains the stepwise approach to asthma treatment and management for their patient.     Explain how stepwise management assists health care providers and  patients in gaining and maintaining control of the disease. Be specific.          Points Range:     27 (27%) – 30 (30%)   The presentation clearly and  accurately explains in detail how stepwise management assists health  care providers and patients in gaining and maintaining control of the  disease.
The presentation provides accurate and detailed examples to support the explanation provided.        Points Range:     24 (24%) – 26 (26%)   The presentation accurately  explains how stepwise management assists health care providers and  patients in gaining and maintaining control of the disease.
The presentation provides accurate examples to support the explanation provided.        Points Range:     21 (21%) – 23 (23%)   The presentation inaccurately or  vaguely explains how stepwise management assists health care providers  and patients in gaining and maintaining control of the disease.
The presentation provides inaccurate or vague examples to support the explanation provided.        Points Range:     0 (0%) – 20 (20%)   The presentation inaccurately and  vaguely explains how stepwise management assists health care providers  and patients in gaining and maintaining control of the disease, or is  missing. Asthma And Stepwise Management Essay Assignment Paper.
The presentation provides inaccurate and vague examples to support the explanation provided, or is missing.     Written Expression and Formatting – Paragraph Development and Organization:
Paragraphs  make clear points that support well developed ideas, flow logically,  and demonstrate continuity of ideas. Sentences are carefully  focused–neither long and rambling nor short and lacking substance.          Points Range:     5 (5%) – 5 (5%)   Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity.        Points Range:     4 (4%) – 4 (4%)   Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity 80% of the time.        Points Range:     3.5 (3.5%) – 3.5 (3.5%)   Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity 60%–79% of the time.        Points Range:     0 (0%) – 3 (3%)   Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity less than 60% of the time.     Written Expression and Formatting – English writing standards:
Correct grammar, mechanics, and proper punctuation          Points Range:     5 (5%) – 5 (5%)   Uses correct grammar, spelling, and punctuation with no errors        Points Range:     4 (4%) – 4 (4%)   Contains a few (1–2) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors        Points Range:     3.5 (3.5%) – 3.5 (3.5%)   Contains several (3–4) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors        Points Range:     0 (0%) – 3 (3%)   Contains many (≥ 5) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors that interfere with the reader’s understanding          Total Points: 100 Asthma And Stepwise Management Essay Assignment Paper
 
Asthma and Stepwise Management
Asthma is a chronic inflammatory respiratory disease of the airways characterized by airway obstruction, inflammation and hyperresponsiveness (Arcangelo and Peterson, 2013).  The principal objective to treating asthma is to control the disease.  Asthma control focuses on preventing problematic symptoms such as shortness of breath, wheezing, extreme coughing and/or frequent respiratory infections.  In order to treat and control asthma, the advance practice nurses must be able to recognize and distinguish life-threatening symptoms and understand the stepwise management approach for treatment.  There are two treatment choices that are utilized to treat asthma, long-term control and quick relief treatment.  The purpose of this paper is to describe the long-term control and quick relief treatment and explain the stepwise approach to asthma treatment and management. Asthma And Stepwise Management Essay Assignment Paper.  Finally, the paper will also explain how stepwise management assist health care providers and patients in gaining and maintaining control of the disease.
Long-Term Control and Quick Relief Treatment
Long-Term Control
The goal of long-term control asthma pharmacotherapy is to prevent symptom flair ups and control asthma.  According to Arcangelo and Peterson (2013), long-term control medications must be taken every day to achieve and maintain control in persistent cases.  Long-term asthma medication is the most effective medication when preventing asthma attacks and controlling chronic symptoms.  According to Drugs.com (2012), long-term medication includes inhaled corticosteroids, long-acting beta-agonists (LABAs), leukotriene modifiers, theophylline, and combination inhalers containing both LABAs and corticosteroids.  One of the most important and effective long-term control medication is inhaled corticosteroid.  This long-term medication is considered to be the most effective anti-inflammatory medication because it prevents the passage and stimulation of inflammatory cells.  In return it prevents airway hyperresponsiveness, improves symptoms, and the function of the respiratory system.  According to Arcangelo and Peterson (2013), the impact of inhaled corticosteroids includes oral fungus known as “thrush”, coughing, hoarseness, osteoporosis and easy bruising.  In children one of the most crucial side effect is delayed or suppressed growth.  It is important for advance practice nurses and physicians to monitor the effects of the medication and educate patients on the possible side effects.
Quick-Relief Treatment
Quick relief medications also known as “rescue medications” are used to control flair ups such as wheezing, shortness of breath, and extreme or severe coughing during an asthma attach.  These medications are known as bronchodilators because they relax the airway muscles by eliminating the symptom.  It is crucial that the asthmatic patient knows and understands the importance of keeping a rescue inhaler with them at all times.  These medications have a faster onset to improve breathing and treat attacks versus the long-term control medications.  These medications are Metaproterenol, Pirbuterol, Bitolterol, Terbutaline, Levalbterol, and Albuterol (Drugs.com, 2012).  The advance practice nurse or physicians must establish an asthma action plan in regards to when the drug must be used and the amount to use during an attack with the patient (Bousquet, 2000).  Although these medications eliminate symptoms during an attack, it is important to know the impact of the medication could cause tremors, headaches, anxiety, restlessness, and fast and uneven heartbeats in both adults and children (Arcangelo & Peterson, 2013) Asthma And Stepwise Management Essay Assignment Paper.
Stepwise Approach to Treatment and Management
When asthma is diagnoses and the severity of disease is assessed, the advance practice nurse or physician will then utilize the stepwise approach to decide which step of therapy should be considered to coincide the proper level of asthma severity.  The Expert Panel Report 3 from the National Asthma Education and Prevention Program (NAEPP EPR-3) (2007) recommends a stepwise approach to the implementation and adjustment of pharmacotherapy in asthma management.  The purpose of the stepwise approach is to initiate a more intensive therapy to attain rapid control, and then step down to the least possible therapy.  There are six steps outlined in the stepwise approach.  Step one involves using a short acting beta-agonist to treat intermittent asthma.  Steps two through six includes treating individuals with persistent asthma utilizing daily medication.  According to the  National Asthma Education and Prevention Program (NAEPP EPR-3) (2007), the following doses are recommended for each step; step two low-dose inhaled corticosteroids (ICS), step three a medium-dose ICS or low-dose LABA plus ICS, step four LABA and medium-dose ICS, step five a LABA and high-dose ICS, and step six an oral corticosteroid plus a LABA plus a high-dose ICS.
Stepwise Management Assist Health Care Providers and Patients
The stepwise approach is a tool that both the health care provider and patient can benefit from utilizing.  When the approach is used the health care provider can utilize questionnaires to help determine if the level of control has been achieved (Osman et al., 1993).  This provides an opportunity to determine if the current treatments are beneficial to the patient and the impact of the medication.  The stepwise approach is critical in the management and prescribing of medication based on the stage of the disease and provides alternative medications.  Comorbidities management, environmental control, and patient education accompany each stage of the stepwise approach, which is important in managing and treating asthma Asthma And Stepwise Management Essay Assignment Paper.
Conclusion
The main objective of asthma care is the accomplishment and maintenance of asthma control.  This is achieved by decreasing the impairment and risk by utilizing pharmacotherapy and the stepwise approach.  It is critical that health care providers and patients collaborate closely to identify the needs of the patients early.  A thorough health history should be established to identify individual triggers for easier management and identifying the proper medications.  Although there is no cure for asthma it can be controlled properly by the health care provider and patient.
 
Reference
Arcanglo, V.P., & Peterson, A.M., (Eds). (2013). Pharmacotherapuetics for advanced
            practice: A practical approach (3rd). Ambler, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Bousquet, J. (2000). Global initiative for asthma (GINA) and its objectives. Clinical and Experimental Allergy, 30(6; SUPP/1), 2-5.
Drugs.com., (2012). Asthma. Retrieved from https://www.drugs.com/asthma.html
Expert Panel Report 3: Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of asthma. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute; National Institutes of Health; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Published August 28, 2007. Retrieved from www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health-pro/guidelines/current/asthma-guidelines/full-report
Osman, L. M., Russell, I. T., Friend, J. A., Legge, J. S., & Douglas, J. G. (1993). Predicting patient attitudes to asthma medication. Thorax, 48(8), 827-830. Asthma And Stepwise Management Essay Assignment Paper
 
 

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