You should not answer all the questions directly. Instead synthesize the research to provide a solid explanation. You don’t have to include all stakeholders and decision-makers. You can note in a short list
of all of those you identified.

1. Identify the key stakeholders related to the program and explain what their interests, concerns, and benefits from the program are. Stakeholders are individuals and groups with an interest in the success (or failure) of the program. The most obvious of these are the people who are served by the program.
They could also be neighbors (residents or businesses) that are or could be affected be the program.
These could be instances of positive effects of the program or (perceived) negative effects. For example,
some NIMBYs may not want affordable housing built near them. It could also be people who are far from the location but may still be affected. For example, people living miles downstream from a factory are stakeholders to clean-up efforts at that factory. To identify the stakeholders you will need to read newspaper articles, ask interviewees, and search online for reports and blogs. Interviewees must represent an agency, firm, company, organization, or community group and not just themselves. For example, to get the perspective of the neighbors as stakeholders you can discuss the obvious concerns they may have in general but to cite specifically, you will have to find a neighborhood group to interview. For example, you can interview the president of the “Elm St. Neighborhood Association” or the director of the “Uptown Business Association”. You can, however, quote a concerned citizen by locating minutes from a Planning Commission meeting discussing the issue.

2. Identify key decision-makers related to the program and explain their authority, interests, concerns, and benefits as they relate to the program. The idea here is to have a sense for these relationships but also to see the ways in which planning plays a part in the program. Which city, county, state, or federal entities have regulatory power over the program? For example, in some places you need a permit to have an urban garden that sells produce: who issues that permit? Explain what power these decision-makers have over the program and whether there are or have been challenges related to the processes of getting permits or in administering the program. How is the program funded and do those funders have any decision-making power over the program? Is the program expanding or planning a new project? If so, explain the decision makers.


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