College Homework Help on Bob Flaws and Chinese Medical History: Sun Si-miao

This is a typical and well around bio-chemical/bio-medicine and pharmaceutical approach to a single herb and a simple formula (2 herbs) of TCM. It covers both the historical, and mostly pharmaceutical aspects of it.

Tracing its historical and cultural background, example of most famous TCM practitioners in history (Slide 2): the earliest is more or less legendary, the second is a historical figure with recorded deeds, and the third had written works handed down, and are still studied and applied today, Temples devoted to them, where they are?

Bob Flaws and Chinese Medical History: Sun Si-miao [5:39 min]

The earliest, and the most comprehensive material medica books in China (Slide 3): their dates and author? how many herbs in each of them, the general classification criteria of three classes, and their  indications and precaution. what does the comprehensive description and morphology of a herb include in Li Shizhen’s book?

When did the western medicine 1st come to China? What the chart of proportion of TCM (doctors?) and China population illustrate? (Slide 4) If you supply additional information, please indicate the source.

Slide 5 charts: write down the facts and figures (low middle is the entrance hall of Tong Ren Tang’s headquarter in Beijing. Tong Ren Tang is the #1 TCM pharmaceutical company in China:

  • Annual sale comparison TCM vs. Western Medicine (year?:
  • TCM market in China (2010):
  • TCM sale volume (2012):
  • Proprietar y Chinese Medicine(2012)
  • Export of TCM raw material:

Slide 6: Problems of TCM production and commerce in China;  in the news title:

  • [upper]” All Swallow Nests [high-end Yin replenishing  supplement] on Market Has Nitrite”
  • [lower: “Took TCM drugs by mistake, 7 developed Hepatotoxicity 2 Dead”

Discussion question/query: role of FDA? What is the official Chinese counterpart?

Slide 7: Challenge: TCM action mechanism? Western drug action mechanism? Which is, and what is “unknown” vs. “partially known”? [biochemist, pharmacist, biomed doctors, TCM doctors, general public/patients]

Slide 8:

  • Two main lines of thought in Yellow Emperor’s Internal Classics (HDNJ)
  • Five herbal examples indicated for the five organs (Five Element theory, with color association of the herbs)

Slide 9: details of Dang Gui Bu Xue Tang (Dang Gui Replenish Blood Soup / DBT)

Origin, components, ratio, preparation, indication

Slide 10 Medical theory for DBT

Li Dongyuan, one of the four major schools of Yuan Dynasty (Mongol ruled, dates  to check at MAJOR CHRONOLOGICAL DIVISIONS OF CHINESE HISTORY doc in uploaded in“bibliography and internet” folder in Canvas)

Bob Flaws and Chinese Medical History: Li Dong-yuan  [5:49 min]

Of the other three schools headed by Liu:

Bob Flaws Discusses Chinese Medical History: Liu Wan-su [7:52]

Zhang: (three “out with evil” methods of attacking, driven disease out — pros and cons)

Bob Flaws Discusses Chinese Medical History: Zhang Zi-he [5:14 min]

Slide 11 location and harvest of Dang Gui [ASR] (five locations compared) and Huang Qi [AR] (

Quality Control studies:  Specific chemicals of AR and ASR, prices per half  kilo in HK and in Japan

Slide 12-16 preparation / processing

  • Verification of the ratio of 1:5 [ASR to AR]
  • 2 bowls + modulate fire (2 hrs?) à 1 bowl decoctation
  • Wine processing [tincturing?] of ASR for what effect?

Slide 17 AR and EPO: Honey roasting of AR for what effect?

黄芪始载于《神农本草经》,古代写作黄耆。李时珍在《本草纲目》中释其名曰:“耆,长也。黄耆色黄,为补药之长,故名。”它来源于豆科植物黄芪或内蒙黄芪的干燥根。黄芪性味甘、微温,归脾、肺经,[1] 为补气要药。临床应用时习惯分为生用、蜜炙、麸皮拌炒3种,其药效各有不同,生黄芪多用于固表、托疮、利水等;蜜炙黄芪多用于补中益气;炒黄芪多用于益气健脾

Slide 18: Boiling together vs. separately:  possible advantages and disadvantages of one and the other?

  • general TCM herbal formula always composed of several herbs;
  • modern chemical approach of extracting and trying to pin down the single chemical component:

Slide 19 hydrolysis and “modulate heating”: what do the two charts tell?

Slide 20 Hypothesis and direction of study of DBT

Slide 21: development of the formulas with Dang Gui as blood replenishing ingredient though out the time (treatments of Women vs. Men)

Other discussion sources:

Bob Flaw: Sun Si-miao’s Saying About rather to treat 10 Men As Opposed to treat One Woman [6:41 min]

Slides 22-24: Commercialization , TCM Market, TCM formulae at HKUST





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