Is globalization a new phenomenon? Identify the debates regarding the historical origins of globalization; explain how historical global connectivity may be similar or different to more contemporary forms of global integration. Why do scholars disagree about when globalization began?

Essential references
Steger, M. (2013) Globalization and history: is globalization a new phenomenon?,
Globalization: A Very Short Introduction 3rd edition New York: Oxford University
Press; pp. 17-37. (Text)

Ferguson, Y.H. and Mansbach, R.W (2012) Globalization in Historical Perspective, Globalization: The return of borders in a borderless world? Oxon: Routledge; pp. 40-67. (Online).

Hobson, J (2006) �East and West in Global History�, Theory, Culture & Society 23 (2-3). (Online)

MacGillivray, A. (2006) A Brief History of Globalization. London: Robinson (Chapter 1: Introduction, pp.1-18).
Liu Xincheng, (2012) �The Global View of History in China�, Journal of World History, 23 (3): 491-511.

Nayar, Deepak (2006), �Globalisation, history and development: a tale of two centuries�, Cambridge Journal of Economics 30(1): 137-159.

Abu-Lughod, J. (1989) Before European Hegemony: The World System, A.d 1250- 1350, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Gunder Frank, A. (2002) ReOrient: The Global Economy in the Asian Age, Berkley:
University of California Press.

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