The student will do an in-depth analysis of the questions in the topic(s), including explanation of the pathophysiology, risk factors, etiology, medical/surgical treatment, medications (generic and trade names, major side effects, and nursing implications of each drug), potential complications, and nursing care of the patient in the assigned topic. Nursing care must include all actual and potential care needs. Evidenced based practice must be included for nursing care as well as medical treatment.
1. Explain Frank Starling law of the heart and what affects preload, afterload, contractility, stroke volume, and cardiac output. Define each of these terms.
2. Identify the factors that increase or decrease preload and afterload (e.g. hypertension, intra-aortic balloon pump, aortic stenosis, ACE inhibitors, etc.) and explain why.

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