Holistic Nursing

What is holistic nursing?
Holistic nursing is generally defined as all nursing practice that has healing the whole person as its goal. A holistic nurse is a licensed nurse who takes a “mind-body-spirit-emotion-environment” approach to the practice of traditional nursing. Holistic nursing is based on a philosophy of living and being that is grounded in caring, relationship, and interconnectedness. A holistic nurse recognizes and integrates the principles and modalities of holistic healing into daily life and clinical practice. Holistic nursing encourages nurses to integrate self-care, self-responsibility, spirituality, and reflection in their lives.
holistic health care,
a system of comprehensive or total patient care that considers the physical, emotional, social, economic, and spiritual needs of the person; his or her response to illness; and the effect of the illness on the ability to meet self-are needs. Holistic nursing is the modern nursing practice that expresses this philosophy of care. Also called comprehensive care.
What is the history of holistic nursing?
Present-day holistic nursing is based on the work of Florence Nightingale. It was not until the mid-20th century that nursing began to emerge as a profession and became linked to developments in western medicine. Since 1970, many nurse scholars have described nursing as being concerned with the whole person. Dossey developed a theory of nursing that includes an integral worldview that builds upon a solid holistic, integrated, and multidimensional theoretical nursing foundation. Unlike previous theories of nursing, this theory serves to explain the function of the inner world of the nurse as a vital component of nursing practice.
These and other influences, such as research linking the mind and body and an emphasis on patient-centered care, have affected the development of holistic nursing. The American Holistic Nurses Association (AHNA) was founded in 1980 to serve as a voice for holistic nurses and to promote the education of nurses and others in the philosophy, practice, and research of holistic caring and healing. The American Holistic Nurses Certification Corporation (AHNCC) was founded in 1997 to credential holistic nurses. AHNCC has a collaborative relationship with AHNA to advance the role of holistic nursing and to provide educational opportunities in holistic nursing.

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