NURS-6052 week 4 Discussion: Searching Databases

NURS-6052 week 4 Discussion: Searching Databases

When you decide to purchase a new car, you first decide what is important to you. If mileage and dependability are the important factors, you will search for data focused more on these factors and less on color options and sound systems.

The same holds true when searching for research evidence to guide your clinical inquiry and professional decisions. Developing a formula for an answerable, researchable question that addresses your need will make the search process much more effective. One such formula is the PICO(T) format.

In this Discussion, you will transform a clinical inquiry into a searchable question in PICO(T) format, so you can search the electronic databases more effectively and efficiently. You will share this PICO(T) question and examine strategies you might use to increase the rigor and effectiveness of a database search on your PICO(T) question.

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To Prepare:

  • Review the materials offering guidance on using databases, performing keyword searches, and developing PICO(T) questions provided in the Resources.
  • Review the Resources for guidance and develop a PICO(T) question of interest to you for further study.

By Day 3 of Week 4

Post your PICO(T) question, the search terms used, and the names of at least two databases used for your PICO(T) question. Then, describe your search results in terms of the number of articles returned on original research and how this changed as you added search terms using your Boolean operators. Finally, explain strategies you might make to increase the rigor and effectiveness of a database search on your PICO(T) question. Be specific and provide examples. NURS-6052 week 4 Discussion: Searching Databases

By Day 6 of Week 4

Respond to at least two of your colleagues on two different days and provide further suggestions on how their database search might be improved.

Submission and Grading Information

Grading Criteria

To access your rubric:

Week 4 Discussion Rubric

Post by Day 3 and Respond by Day 6 of Week 4

 

 

Excellent Good Fair Poor
Main Posting
45 (45%) – 50 (50%)

Answers all parts of the discussion question(s) expectations with reflective critical analysis and synthesis of knowledge gained from the course readings for the module and current credible sources.

NURS-6052 week 4 Discussion: Searching Databases

Supported by at least three current, credible sources.

Written clearly and concisely with no grammatical or spelling errors and fully adheres to current APA manual writing rules and style.

40 (40%) – 44 (44%)

Responds to the discussion question(s) and is reflective with critical analysis and synthesis of knowledge gained from the course readings for the module.

At least 75% of post has exceptional depth and breadth.

Supported by at least three credible sources.

Written clearly and concisely with one or no grammatical or spelling errors and fully adheres to current APA manual writing rules and style.

35 (35%) – 39 (39%)

Responds to some of the discussion question(s).

One or two criteria are not addressed or are superficially addressed.

Is somewhat lacking reflection and critical analysis and synthesis.

Somewhat represents knowledge gained from the course readings for the module.

Post is cited with two credible sources.

Written somewhat concisely; may contain more than two spelling or grammatical errors.

Contains some APA formatting errors.

NURS-6052 week 4 Discussion: Searching Databases

(0%) – 34 (34%)

Does not respond to the discussion question(s) adequately.

Lacks depth or superficially addresses criteria.

Lacks reflection and critical analysis and synthesis.

Does not represent knowledge gained from the course readings for the module.

Contains only one or no credible sources.

Not written clearly or concisely.

Contains more than two spelling or grammatical errors.

Does not adhere to current APA manual writing rules and style.

Main Post: Timeliness
10 (10%) – 10 (10%)
Posts main post by day 3.
(0%) – 0 (0%)
(0%) – 0 (0%)
(0%) – 0 (0%)
Does not post by day 3.
First Response
17 (17%) – 18 (18%)

Response exhibits synthesis, critical thinking, and application to practice settings.

Responds fully to questions posed by faculty.

Provides clear, concise opinions and ideas that are supported by at least two scholarly sources.

Demonstrates synthesis and understanding of learning objectives.

Communication is professional and respectful to colleagues.

Responses to faculty questions are fully answered, if posed.

Response is effectively written in standard, edited English.

15 (15%) – 16 (16%)

Response exhibits critical thinking and application to practice settings.

Communication is professional and respectful to colleagues.

Responses to faculty questions are answered, if posed.

Provides clear, concise opinions and ideas that are supported by two or more credible sources.

Response is effectively written in standard, edited English.

13 (13%) – 14 (14%)

Response is on topic and may have some depth.

Responses posted in the discussion may lack effective professional communication.

Responses to faculty questions are somewhat answered, if posed.

Response may lack clear, concise opinions and ideas, and a few or no credible sources are cited.

(0%) – 12 (12%)

Response may not be on topic and lacks depth.

Responses posted in the discussion lack effective professional communication.

Responses to faculty questions are missing.

No credible sources are cited.

NURS-6052 week 4 Discussion: Searching Databases

Second Response
16 (16%) – 17 (17%)

Response exhibits synthesis, critical thinking, and application to practice settings.

Responds fully to questions posed by faculty.

Provides clear, concise opinions and ideas that are supported by at least two scholarly sources.

Demonstrates synthesis and understanding of learning objectives.

Communication is professional and respectful to colleagues.

Responses to faculty questions are fully answered, if posed.

Response is effectively written in standard, edited English.

14 (14%) – 15 (15%)

Response exhibits critical thinking and application to practice settings.

Communication is professional and respectful to colleagues.

Responses to faculty questions are answered, if posed.

Provides clear, concise opinions and ideas that are supported by two or more credible sources.

Response is effectively written in standard, edited English.

12 (12%) – 13 (13%)

Response is on topic and may have some depth.

Responses posted in the discussion may lack effective professional communication.

Responses to faculty questions are somewhat answered, if posed.

NURS-6052 week 4 Discussion: Searching Databases

Response may lack clear, concise opinions and ideas, and a few or no credible sources are cited.

(0%) – 11 (11%)

Response may not be on topic and lacks depth.

Responses posted in the discussion lack effective professional communication.

Responses to faculty questions are missing.

No credible sources are cited.

Participation
(5%) – 5 (5%)
Meets requirements for participation by posting on three different days.
(0%) – 0 (0%)
(0%) – 0 (0%)
(0%) – 0 (0%)
Does not meet requirements for participation by posting on 3 different days.
Total Points: 100

In Evidence-based practice, questions are the motivation to focus and find answers to clinical issues or problems (Davies, 2011). For EBP to be completely applied, nurses need to have the desire to investigate and to have the culture to advocate for it (Stillwell, Fineout-Overholt, Melnyk, & Williamson, 2010). By using patient population (P), intervention or issue of interest (I), comparison intervention or issue of interest (C), outcome(s) of interest (O), and time (T) for the intervention or issue to achieve income (PICOT) the format helps to identify the parts of the clinical issue in a systematic way (Stillwell et al., 2010). Thus, by using the PICOT format to construct the clinical question will assist in filtering these parts or components that will lead the way for the evidence needed (Stillwell et al., 2010).

Since I have migrated here in the United States, most of my nursing experience has been working with the older population. One of the challenges we have always faced was falls, especially the severe injuries related to falls. Falls are a common problem among older adults and are a leading cause of severe injury and death worldwide (Shuman, Montie, Galinato, Todd, Heggstad, & Titler, 2016). Thus, lead me to my PICOT question: In older adults (P), how does involvement of patient’s perception of fall prevention (I) compared to no involvement (C) affect prevention of falls (O) during hospitalization or inpatient stay (T)? NURS-6052 week 4 Discussion: Searching Databases

In searching for important PICOT answers clinicians use databases to find the sources that hold the best evidence (Melnyk & Fineout-Overholt, 2018). The two databases used for my PICOT question are the CINAHL and MEDLINE. Using keywords from the PICOT question is an essential strategy in searching using the databases (Melnyk & Fineout-Overholt, 2018). The keywords I used are fall prevention, patient perception, & hospitalization. In my initial search, when the keywords were entered, CINAHL resulted in 298 articles while Medline showed 52 articles. When BOOLEAN terms were used in CINAHL and MEDLINE showed 12 articles that narrowed it down to search for evidence for, sixteen articles resulted in my clinical inquiry.

Strategies are used to increase the rigor and effectiveness of a database search. Appropriate keywords need to be selected by taking the main parts of the clinical question or topic (example: fall prevention, patient perception, & hospitalization). Using Boolean terms or operators is another strategy to connect keywords to generate a logical phrase that the database can understand (Walden University Library, n.d.). Using Boolean terms facilitates generating more precise and robust searches to provide pertinent results (Walden University Library, n.d.) An example of the Boolean term is using AND helps find items that use both keywords, OR uses either of the keywords and NOT which excludes items that use the keywords (Walden University Library, n.d.). Furthermore, truncation of root words by putting an asterisk at the end of the root word (example: old*) tells the database to search for the word with any ending which expands search for more articles (Walden University Library, n.d.). Limiting searches is also another strategy to help clinicians review to decide whether what is relevant to the clinical question (Melnyk & Fineout-Overholt, 2018). An example is that in CINAHL uses “Limit to” by using parameters such as publication year (example: 2016-2020) (Melnyk & Fineout-Overholt, 2018). NURS-6052 week 4 Discussion: Searching Databases. Database search skills are vital to the success of a researcher to obtain the best result (Walden University Library, n.d.). It takes time to develop database search skills, using strategies to develop these skills will result in a robust and effective database search.

Reference

Davies, K.S. (2011). Formulating the evidence based question: A review of the frameworks for  LIS professionals. Evidence Based Library and Information Practice, 6(2), 75-80.

https://doi.org/10.18438/B8WS5N. Retrieved from https://ejournals.library.ualberta.ca/index.php/EBLIP/article/viewFile/9741/8144

Melnyk, B.M., & Fineout-Overholt, E. (2018). Evidence-based practice in nursing & healthcare. A guide to best practice (4th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer.

Shuman, C., Liu, J., Montie, M., Galinato, J. G., Todd, M. A., Hegstad, M., & Titler, M. (2016).Patient perceptions and experiences with falls during hospitalization and after discharge. Applied Nursing Research31,79-85. https://doi.org/10/1016/j.apnr.2016.

01.009 NURS-6052 week 4 Discussion: Searching Databases

Stillwell, S.B., Fineout-Overholt, E., Melnyk, B.M., & Williamson, K.M. (2010b). Evidence-  Based practice, step by step: Searching for evidence. American Journal of Nursing,

110(5), 41-47. doi:10.1097/01.NAJ.0000372071.24134.7e. Retrieved from https://Journals.lww.com/ajonline/Fulltext/2010/05000/Evidence_Based_Practice,_Step_  Step_Searching.24.aspx

Walden Library University. (n.d.). Databases A-Z: Nursing. Retrieved from https://academicguides.waldenu.edu/az.php?s=19981

Walden Library University. (n.d.). Keyword searching: Finding articles on your topic: Booleanterms. Retrieved from https://academicguides.waldenu.edu/library/keyword/boolean NURS-6052 week 4 Discussion: Searching Databases

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